Public Health Update: Youth E-Cigarette Use and EVALI Outbreak
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As teen use of e-cigarettes continues to rise and the vaping-related respiratory illness health crisis grows across Iowa and our nation, the Iowa Tobacco Use Prevention and Control Commission believes it is time for our state legislators to take action.
As of October 15, 2020, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has reported 1,479 lung injury cases over the last few months. There have been 34 confirmed deaths in 24 states. Most patients have reported the use of vaping and e-cigarette products containing THC. However, products and devices that do not contain THC have also been reported. Case numbers will likely continue to increase as the CDC and FDA investigation into the cause of lung injury continues.
Here in Iowa, there have been 41 reported lung injury cases. There have been no confirmed deaths; however, several of the patients have serious lung damage that may continue to make them vulnerable for the remainder of their lives.
According to the New England Journal of Medicine, national rates of teen vaping more than doubled between 2017 and 2019, with over 25% of 12th graders reporting vaping in 2019. In Iowa, e-cigarette use more than doubled between 2016 and 2018, with 22.4% of 11th graders reporting vaping in 2018. With nearly 400 vape flavors, like cotton candy and bubblegum, it is clear these products are designed to appeal to teens and go unnoticed by adults.
Source: George Belitsos, Chair of the Iowa Tobacco Use Prevention and Control Commission via The Des Moines Register
Below is a video on e-cigarettes and the emerging threat faced by rising youth use rates from Tobacco Control Network (TCN), Luci Longoria, and Dr. Brian King, CDC’s Office on Smoking and Health Deputy Director for Research Translation.
- Discuss the youth vaping epidemic.
- Describe epidemiology of the EVALI outbreak.
- Describe clinical management guidelines.
- Review a sample case of EVALI.
- Describe tobacco and vaping cessation tools.
Photo: Lauren Bishop, CDC/Von Roebuck. Retrieved from the CDC's Public Health Image Library. Public Domain.
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Caitlin Pedati, MD, MPH, FAAP
State Epidemiologist and Medical Director, Iowa Department of Public Health
Nick Kalas, MPH
Epidemiologist, Iowa Department of Public Health
The speakers have no financial conflicts with commercial interest companies to disclose relevant to the content of this educational activity.
Continuing Education Credit
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