An Appraisal of Energy Drinks, Supplements, and Medications: Deadly Implications
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- Recognize the potential for energy drink drug interactions.
- List the known energy drink components drug interactions as reported in the medical literature.
- Know the principles for clinical coping with energy drinks and supplement drug interactions.
- List the known supplements components drug interactions as reported in the medical literature.
- Know the principles for clinical coping with supplement drug interactions.
- Recognize the potential for Rhabdomyolysis induced by supplement use.
Robert G. Smith, DPM, MSc, RPh, CPed, CPRS
Podiatrist, Shoe String Podiatry
Contract Clinical Pharmacist for Comprehensive Health Services Medical Service Support Iraq, Cape Canaveral, Florida
- Doctor of Podiatric Medicine College of Podiatric Medicine at University of Osteopathic Medicine and Health Sciences
- Masters of Science Degree in Wound Care and Tissue Repair and Post Graduate Training University of Wales, Cardiff
- Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, University of Florida
Relevant to the content of this educational activity, Dr. Smith does not have any financial relationship(s) with commercial interest companies to disclose.
- Health Risks Associated with Energy Drinks http://jama.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid
- Woolsey CL et al. Frequency of Energy Drink Use predicts illicit Prescription Stimulant Use. Substance Abuse 2014 35 96-103.
- Hurlock L, Lee MG. Potential health problems with use of energy drinks. West Indian Med J. 2012 Jan;61(1):1-2.
- Wolk BJ, Ganetsky M, Babu KM. toxicity of energy drinks Curr Opin Pediatr. 2012 Apr;24(2):243-51.
- Dehoney S, Wellein M. Rhabdomyolysis associated with nutritional supplement Am J Health Pharm 2009 66 142-148.
- Eudy et al. Efficacy and Safety of ingredients found in preworkout supplements. Am J Health Pharm 2013 70 577-588.
- Carol ML Hydroxycut weight loss dietary supplements: a contributing factor in the development of exertional rhabdomyolysis in three US Army soldiers. Mil Med 2013 178 (9) e1039-42.
- Gabardi S et al. A Review of Dietary Supplement- Induced Dysfunction Am Soci Nephr 2007 (2) 757-765.
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Continuing Education Credit
- DPM: Des Moines University (DMU) is approved by the Council on Podiatric Medical Education as a provider of continuing education in podiatric medicine. DMU has approved this activity for a maximum of 1.0 continuing education contact hours.
- MD: This activity has been planned and implemented in accordance with the accreditation requirements and policies of the Iowa Medical Society (IMS). Des Moines University (DMU) is accredited by the IMS to provide continuing medical education for physicians. DMU designates this enduring materials activity for a maximum of 1.0 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.
- DO: Des Moines University (DMU) is accredited by the American Osteopathic Association (AOA) to provide osteopathic continuing medical education for physicians. DMU designates this program for a maximum of 1.0 AOA Category 2-B credits and will report CME and specialty credits commensurate with the extent of the physician’s participation in this activity.
- Nurse: Des Moines University continuing education is Iowa Board of Nursing approved provider #112. This enduring materials activity has been reviewed and approved for 1.0 continuing education contact hour(s). No partial credit awarded.
- Other: This enduring materials activity is designated for 1.0 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™.
Educational grants were not accepted for this activity.
- 1.00 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits™
- 1.00 AOA Category 2B
- 1.00 CE Contact Hour(s)
- 1.00 CPME
- 1.00 IBON