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Using a Cell Phone Based Sleep Log to Record Sleep in Collegiate Athletes 

Anna Tillo, BA'22, Luke Pavlat, BA'22, and David Pavlat, EdD

Human Performance Lab, Department of Kinesiology, Central College, Pella, IA


Introduction: This past year the athletic department has focused on sleep as a tool for student-athletes to improve performance. A cell phone texting device was designed for student-athletes to record their sleep. Therefore, the purpose of the study was to see what kind of sleep student-athletes were getting on a regular basis. 

Methods: After completing an IRB approved informed consent. Students began getting daily texts to report their sleep in hours and minutes, sleep quality and resting heart rate upon waking. Sixty-one subjects recorded 1230 nights of sleep via a Survey Monkey File after being prompted by a text. The sleep quality score was based on a Likert scale with 1 being the worst sleep and 5 being the best sleep. Data was placed in a Microsoft Excel file and statistics were completed using Minitab 20 statistical software.


Sleep Time7.61 hours2.23 hours
Sleep Quality (Likert Scale)3.300.79
Resting Heart Rate62.45 bpm7.55 bpm

Discussion: Of the 61 student-athletes in this study there were basketball, softball, and baseball players. The sleep average is lower than some studies we have done and may have been caused by active weekends which included travel and multiple game scenarios. It is interesting that the Likert scale for sleep quality is above average quality at 3.30 ± 0.79.

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