Plenary Panel: Heroin and Opioids - A Community Crisis
Craige Wrenn, Associate Professor of Pharmacology, Drake University
Sarah Grady, Associate Professor of Pharmacy Practice, Drake University
Frank Caligiuri, Assistant Professor of Pharmacy Practice, Drake University
Dale Woolery, Associate Director, Governor’s Office on Drug Control Policy
This presentation will provide information related to the abuse statistics of opioids and heroin in the USA and Iowa. The pharmacology of opioids and heroin will be briefly discussed. Finally, the clinical presentation and treatment options for opioid intoxication, opioid withdrawal, and opioid use disorder will be reviewed.
Concurrent Panels: Session One
- Panel 1: Examining the Social Determinants of Childhood Obesity
Susan Brown PhD, NREMT-P, CHES, Associate Professor in the Biological Sciences, Mercy College of Health Sciences
Marti Doyle PhD, MSW, Social Science Professor, Mercy College of Health Sciences
According to the World Health Organization (WHO, 2014), the number of obese infants and children increased from 32 million globally in 1990 to 42 million in 2013. Because childhood obesity is associated with increased risks for serious health complications, researchers are investigating factors that may be contributing to this increase. One area centers on how conditions that surround individuals can impact health behaviors (WHO, 2008). This factor is particularly significant for children as they have limited control over significant environmental and behavioral factors such as place of residence, access to facilities and diet. The Institute of Medicine (2012) cites global research that shows that obesity is a complex problem that involves socioeconomic, cultural, and environment factors that influence activity levels and food choices. This presentation will look at how knowledge about these social determinants of health can be used to plan and implement interventions aimed at reducing childhood obesity.
- Panel 2: Addressing Childhood Asthma Disparities - A Case Study of the Healthy Homes Des Moines Project
Andrea Kjos, Associate Professor Drake CPHS
Sally Haack, Associate Professor Drake CPHS
Claire Richmond, Healthy Homes Des Moines Project Manager
Carolyn Schaefer, Case Manager/Coordinator Polk County Health
Kiersten Cooley, Family Outreach Specialist, Visiting Nurse Services of Iowa
This panel will explore the social determinants of health that impact childhood asthma. Many variables influence asthma control, including genetics, environmental triggers, and socioeconomic factors. Research also shows a link between asthma risk and the social context within which the individual lives with factors such as psychological stress, neighborhood disadvantage, and substandard housing all contributing to asthma. The Polk County Housing Trust Fund plays a role in addressing these risks by contributing to the Healthy Homes Des Moines Project. Through Healthy Homes Des Moines, households with children suffering from asthma receive home repairs to address asthma triggers, and families receive tailored health education to self-manage asthma and maintain a healthy home.
- Panel 3: The Period Problem - Empowering Girls in the Developing World to Stay in School Past Puberty
Kay Hertz, Iowa Regional Representative, Days for Girls International
Nora Tobin, Executive Director, Self-Help International
Emma Sheldon, Drake University Student
Kelanie Crosswait, Drake University Student
There are countless economic, social, and health impacts of educating girls. When more girls go to school, countries see an increase in GDP. Girls who stay in school past puberty marry later, have fewer children, are less likely to die in pregnancy or childbirth, and are more likely to send their children to school. Yet girls in developing countries struggle to stay in school once they hit puberty due to a lack of affordable sanitary supplies. This panel will highlight the ways in which Days for Girls, Self-Help International, and others are empowering girls to stay in school past puberty through distribution of reusable sanitary kits, sexual health education, and teaching income-generating activities to empower girls to stay in school past puberty. Panelists will discuss cultural barriers in Central America, Africa and Asia, and strategies to foster self-sufficiency and project sustainability.
Concurrent Panels: Session Two
- Panel 1: Poverty Simulation’s Impact on Pharmacy Student Attitudes Toward Poverty
Cheryl Clarke, RPh, FAPhA, Assistant Dean, Clinical Affairs, Associate Professor, Pharmacy Practice, Drake University College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences
Renee Sedlacek, MS, Director of Community Engaged Learning, Drake University
Poverty is a complicated topic and cannot be adequately addressed through one curricular strategy. Didactic coursework may inform students about poverty as a social determinant of health, while experiential opportunities allow direct observation of the barriers to quality care as a result of poverty. Simulation exercises create an additional opportunity for student development as they provide a unique opportunity for students to personally experience common situations found in poverty and to select actions based on these circumstances. Drake University pharmacy students have been participating in a poverty simulation exercise since 2013. Learn about the simulation process, discuss data on changes in student attitudes toward poverty, and engage in an abbreviated simulation.
- Panel 2: Understanding Cultures Through Product, Practice, Perspective
Patricia Singer, Professor of Biology, Simpson College (Moderator)
Patricia Calkins, Professor of World Languages, Simpson College
Our cultural perspective significantly influences how we define health, as well as how and when we seek medical intervention to improve health. Understanding the perspective of another culture is tricky because we wear the lenses of our own culture. This workshop describes how we can help students discern different cultural perspectives through careful discernment of a culture’s products and practices.
- Panel 3: Tackling the Social, Economic, and Ecological Complexity of Iowa's Water Quality Issues
Peter S. Levi, Assistant Professor, Environmental Science & Policy, Drake University
Bill Stowe, CEO, Des Moines Water Works
Andrew Graham, Grinnell College
Michael Haedicke, Drake University
Matt Russell, Drake Law School
Iowa’s freshwater ecosystems are impaired. The poor water quality of the state’s streams, rivers, reservoirs, and lakes affects the communities along the banks and shores as well as the flora and fauna that reside within these ecosystems. Organizations and agencies in the state continue to work towards improving the health of Iowa’s freshwater resources, but multifaceted solutions that address the social, economic, and ecological dimensions of the issues are hard to develop. In our panel, we will discuss the water quality issues from each of these dimensions, seeking to advance our understanding of where common concerns overlap and opposing ideas remain.
- Panel 4: Lessons Learned from and Next Steps for Implementation Following a Needs Assessment to Understand Water Quality in Rural Uganda
Cassity Gutierrez, PhD, Associate Professor of Health Sciences and Director of Pre-Professional Programs, Drake University
Jimmy Senteza, PhD, Associate Professor and Chair of Finance, Drake University
Augusta Weide, Senior at Drake University
Megan Lindmark, Senior at Drake University
Karli Kisch, Senior at Drake University
Hayley LeBlanc, Senior at Drake University
In order to address water scarcity and global public health, our research is addressing access to water and water quality in rural Kikandwa, Uganda. Utilizing a Community Based Participatory Research (CBPR) approach we conducted a needs assessment during Summer 2016 to assess the initial resources regarding water access, quality of water via bacterial tests, and culture and education based information regarding water. Based upon the needs assessment results, we are in the process of planning the implementation which is scheduled to begin in January 2017; we will work with the community to administer an intervention through education and community engagement to help solve some of the assessed needs. This session will address the lessons learned from the needs assessment process and steps that are being taken to plan an appropriate intervention.