GRIPE Winter Meeting: What Any and Every Physician Should Know About Pathology and Laboratory Research

January 28, 2016 to January 30, 2016

The purpose of GRIPE is to advance the quality of pathology education by promoting scholarly collaboration among educators, by developing resources, and by supporting professional development.


Thursday, January 28, 2016
12 - 5:30 pmRegistration
1 pm 

Pathology in Integrated Curricula - Strategies for Success and Survival (3.25 CME)
Sebastian Alston, MD

In medical schools throughout the country, discipline-based courses are being quickly replaced by integrated approaches. This trend has definitely included pathology. Although there are benefits associated with this trend and great opportunities for pathology education, there are also significant concerns. Such concerns include the identity of pathology, the amount of curricular time, and the availability of resources. This workshop will feature discussions of these aspects based on the experiences of participants and on available literature and other resources. Potential individual and collective strategies that can maximize the curricular rewards and minimize the concerns/risk will be recognized and developed during the workshop.

4:15 pmAdjourn
Friday, January 29, 2016
7:30 am - 4 pmRegistration
8 am Welcome and Orientation
Manette Monroe, MD
8:30 am

Making Sense of Competencies, EPAs and Mastery Learning: A Leadership Opportunity for GRIPE (1.25 CME)
Carol Aschenbrener, MD

This session will focus on the relationships among competencies, EPAs, learning objectives and mastery learning and the implications of those relationships for the formation of physicians across the continuum of learning. Examples will focus on the potential linkages between the “Consensus Guidelines for Practical Competencies in Anatomic Pathology and Laboratory Medicine” for medical students and the Core EPAs for Entering Residency. There will be opportunity for dialogue about the role that academic pathology might play in integrating the competency framework toward creation of a true continuum of learning. The session will begin with a brief team learning experience based on a pre-reading (Englander RE, Cameron T, Ballard AJ, Dodge J, Bull J & Aschenbrener CA: Toward a common taxonomy of competency domains for the health professions and competencies for physicians. Acad Med 88: #8, Aug 2013, 1088-1094).

9:45 am Break
10 amConcurrent Workshops (1.5 CME)

Incorporation of Core Entrustable Professional Activities for Entering Residency 
Amy Lin, MD

The Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) recently published a set of 13 core entrustable professional activities (EPAs) for entering residency. These are work activities that an intern on day 1 should be able to perform without direct supervision. Ten medical schools were selected as part of a pilot project with a primary goal of demonstrating the feasibility of implementing the Core EPAs for Entering Residency framework in the path to graduation of MD candidates. In particular, for each EPA, the schools are trying to establish the required curriculum, assessments, faculty development, and path to entrustment. This workshop will address how pathology educators can incorporate the EPA framework into medical student pathology education and contribute to entrustment decisions. We will provide an overview of EPAs, their relationship to competencies and milestones, and the concept of entrustment.

Although pathology education may have a role in multiple EPAs, the discussion will focus primarily on EPA3: Recommend and interpret common diagnostic and screening tests. Participants will identify opportunities and barriers within their own context for students to learn about and be assessed on EPA3. Participants will apply the concept of backward design to brainstorm developmental milestones and assessments that allow students to demonstrate their achievement of learning outcomes, and educational experiences to provide the requisite knowledge, skills, and competencies to achieve entrustment. By the end of the workshop, participants will be able to:

  1. Explain the relationship between entrustable professional activities, milestones, and competencies.
  2. Discuss the concept of entrustment.
  3. Develop an initial approach for incorporating EPA3 into the medical student curriculum.
  4. Develop an initial approach for assessment of EPA3 and making entrustment decisions.

Teaching Medical Students About the Importance of Proper Death Certification
Elizabeth Douglas, MD

The death certificate is an extremely rich and valuable data source for the public health sector, however, the quality and utility of this data hinges on the quality of the input. Proper instruction in death certification beginning in medical school is an important first step in ensuring the quality of the data, but death certification is an often neglected topic in medical education. This workshop will focus on death certification for nonmedical examiner/coroner certifiers, with an emphasis on cause of death versus mechanism of death and appropriate guidelines for contacting the medical examiner/ coroner’s office. The workshop will consist of a didactic instruction followed by small group work focused on practicing proper death certification.

11:30 am Lunch with Roundtable Discussions
1 pm

Laboratory Medicine - An Often Neglected Component of Medical School Curricula (1.0 CME)
Frank Wians, PhD

It has been a little over 5 years since the 100th anniversary of the 1910 publication of the Flexner Report on Medical Education in the United States and Canada and a little less than 20 years since the 100th anniversary of the 1898 publication of a simplified method for the determination of uric acid in urine by America’s first clinical biochemist, Otto Folin. Over the past 5 years, it is estimated that 75% of allopathic medical schools have initiated curriculum reforms in the direction of replacing the traditional 2+2 (basic sciences+clinical sciences) model with an organ-system approach. In addition, didactic lectures to medical students massed in large auditoriums are being replaced by case study based discussions in small study groups and with a focus on organspecific diseases. Unfortunately, there is little evidence to suggest that this approach provides more emphasis on the role of laboratory medicine in diagnostic decision-making, despite the fact that it is often noted that laboratory services, especially laboratory test results, are used in 60-70% of clinical decisions related to patient admittance, discharge, and pharmacologic therapy. Moreover, the critical role of laboratory medicine in these decisions is performed by a service that makes up only about 5% of a hospital’s budget. Yet, as often touted by Dr. Michael Laposata, the medical specialty that nearly every practicing physician relies on every day, for which training in many medical schools is limited to no more than a few scattered lectures throughout the entire curriculum, is “laboratory medicine.” Using case studies written in a specific format that focuses on the laboratory medicine component of these cases yet integrates it with organ-specific clinical findings, we will discuss how this approach might be successful in improving medical student knowledge of laboratory medicine.

2 pmBreak
2:15 pm

Map to Success: Navigating the Path to Scholarly Publication (0.75 CME)
Darshana Shah, PhD

  1. Identify a broad range of ideas worth disseminating to a wider scholarly audience.
  2. Learn about the “Whys” and “Hows “ of identifying target journals.
  3. Understand the peer review process.
  4. Learn about barriers and opportunities of a successful publication.
3 pmPoster Viewing 
4:30 pmAdjourn
Saturday, January 30, 2016
7 am - 4 pmRegistration
8 am Welcome and Orientation
Manette Monroe, MD
8:15 am

Awards Ceremony

9:15 amResdient Scholar Presentation
9:30 amBreak
9:45 amConcurrent Workshops (1.5 CME)

Integration of Hematopathology and Medical Skills
Osvaldo Padilla, MD

Pathology is a basic science discipline with potential for integration into different clinical sciences, including a medical skills course. Vertical integration of these two disciplines could result in better retention and understanding of both hematopathology and medical skills, as previously demonstrated with integration of basic sciences with other clinical disciplines. Hematopathology and medical skills are often treated as different disciplines with different allotted lecture times, learning objectives, and test questions. In our case, we have integrated these two disciplines through coordination between the lecturing pathologist and the medical skills coordinator. This coordination required accepting a common goal with integration of different learning objectives, presentation of medical skills materials within hematopathology lectures, involvement of pathologists within medical skills sessions, and integrated testing for knowledge of both disciplines.


Active Learning in Histopathology: The Collaborative Microdissection Team Concept
James Fishback, MD

We have been teaching histopathology laboratories by virtual microscopy for over a decade. Our original andragogical model operated under the assumption that students would first study the virtual slides, consult the required commercial textbook and/or atlas, take representative photomicrographs to construct their own personal atlas, and then attend lab prepared to ask the faculty questions about structures and concepts that required clarification. We now freely admit that we were wrong! Over the years, the majority of students have found it too difficult to find classical features of both normal and pathological tissues, and required more guidance than was provided. We have responded by providing ”talk on” videos for each slide, taking our own photomicrographs, then linking them to the precise area of interest in the virtual slide. Students can then zoom to that area, and explore the neighborhood, looking for similar structures. We then ask ”Essential Questions,” which enables the facilitated discovery of key facts and concepts about each case. We have de-emphasized normal structures, and geared student lab presentations to the pathologic cases only. Students construct team work products for each case in a shared Microsoft OneNote notebook. They review disease classification, pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment strategies. Student ratings of laboratories have markedly improved. We intend to continue fine-tuning our active learning, student-directed approach, as we begin our transition into a new, case-based curriculum.

11:15 amLunch with Roundtable Discussions
12:45 pm

Program Director Panel Discussion (1.0 CME)

1:45 pmBreak
2 pmConcurrent Workshops (1.5 CME)

GRIPE Question Bank Review
Kevin Carnevale, MD

  1. Identify key components of a well-written multiple choice question.
  2. Recognize and correct problems with sample questions.

Curriculum Design in Pathology Residency: An Evidence Based Approach
Aaron Harper, MD

Balancing service work and education in pathology residency is a delicate task. Residency programs need to ensure that the residents will acquire the knowledge and skills necessary for independent practice while performing required service work. Most programs follow generalized guidelines and rotate residents through a series of different clinical and anatomical pathology rotations. These rotations are supplemented by a conference schedule and self-reading assignments with the goal of achieving competency. To assess resident performance ACGME milestones, resident in-service exams, and American Board of Pathology testing is used. We observe a need for systematic curriculum design in pathology residency with heavier focus on content and goals. Curriculum development is a continuous loop that starts with needs assessment. Needs assessment has two parts: First, problem identification with a generalized needs assessment. Second, a targeted learner needs assessment. Needs assessment is coupled with evidence review. We then integrate best evidence in order to set goals and objectives. This forms the basis for educational strategy design. The loop is completed by implementation and evaluation. Needs assessment should illuminate curriculum goals and objectives including general roles and characteristics of the learner. It should focus on competencies that must be achieved by the end of residency. This is done through role definition, assignments, and competency analysis. In every curriculum it is imperative to define how the contents will serve to reach the curriculum goals. Content has three components: core contents, special study modules, and electives. All should help the trainee reach the goals of the curriculum. When choosing the contents of the curriculum scope, relevance, and balance are needed. Other factors considered are methods, setting, and organization of curriculum. Different methods are available to deliver content such as lecture, sign out session, projects, etc. Setting is related to the environment of content delivery such as classroom, sign-out room, laboratory, and library. Finally, organization of content is related to issues such as integration of subject, sequencing, continuity, and articulation. In pathology residency specific concerns need to be addressed in curriculum design. Most importantly, training should be balanced with service duties and responsibilities.

3:30 pmBusiness Meeting
5 pmAdjourn

Poster Abstracts

A Medical Student Course Designed to Teach the Principles of Laboratory Medicine 
Rachel Gordezky, MD, University of Illinois Chicago

Flipped Classroom Outcomes in a New York Medical School
Pearl Myers, MD, Touro College of Osteopathic Medicine New York Middletown Campus

Ethics in Pathology Undergraduate Medical Curriculum - A Pilot Study to Design a Module in Ethics
Mary Mathew, Kasturba Medical College

The Pathologist and the Physician - A Traditional Indian Marriage of Sorts?
Mary Mathew, MD, Kasturba Medical College

Model Learning in Basic Veterinary Pathology: Pathology Psychomotor Skills (PPMS)
Suzana Tkalcic, DVM, PhD, Western University of Health Sciences

Evolution of Teaching Methods for Pathology Training in Undergraduate Medical Curriculum: An Indian Kaleidoscopic View
Swati Sharma, MD, Katsurba Medical College

Educational Grants

No commercial interest provided financial support for this continuing education activity.

Disclosure Information

The speakers and/or planning committee members have indicated they have no relationship(s) with industry to disclose relative to the content of this CME/CEU activity.

The speakers will disclose if any pharmaceuticals or medical procedures and devices discussed are investigational or unapproved for use by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Determination of educational content for this activity and the selection of speakers are responsibilities of the activity director. Firms providing financial support did not have input in these areas.

The information provided at this CME activity is for continuing education purposes only and is not meant to substitute for the independent medical judgment of a healthcare provider relative to diagnostic and treatment options of a specific patient’s medical condition.

Continuing Education Credit

  • Physicians: This activity has been planned and implement in accordance with the accreditation requirements and policies of the Iowa Medical Society (IMS) through the joint providership of Des Moines University (DMU) and Group Research in Pathology Education. DMU is accredited by IMS to provide continuing medical education for physicians. DMU designates this live activity for 11.75 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.
  • Other healthcare professionals: This live activity is designated for 11.75 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™.

Receiving Your CME Certificate

CME credit is available through Des Moines University. In order to receive your CME certificate, attendees must sign-in each day and return the attendance attestation form to the registration desk upon conclusion of the meeting. Instructions to access your CME certificate will be emailed after April 1, 2016. If you have any questions or concerns regarding your CME certificate, please email


Accommodations on the basis of disability are available by contacting Julie Hewett at (304) 208-8060 Ext. 710, fax at (304) 523-9701.


Course summary
Available credit: 
  • 11.75 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits
  • 11.75 CE Contact Hour(s)
Course opens: 
Course expires: 
Event starts: 
01/28/2016 - 1:00pm CST
Event ends: 
01/30/2016 - 5:00pm CST
San Diego DoubleTree Golf Resort
San Diego, CA
United States

Available Credit

  • 11.75 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits
  • 11.75 CE Contact Hour(s)


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