DMU Grand Rounds: Working with Vision-Impaired Patients
Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, this session will be held online only.
DMU faculty, staff, students, residents, and the medical community.
According to the CDC's Vision Health Initiative, in 2015, a total of 1.02 million people were blind, and approximately 3.22 million people in the United States had vision impairment (VI), as defined by the best-corrected visual acuity in the better-seeing eye. In addition, 8.2 million people had VI due to uncorrected refractive error. By 2050, the numbers of these conditions are projected to double to approximately 2.01 million people who are blind, or having VI of 20/200 or worse, 6.95 million people with VI, and 16.4 million with VI due to uncorrected refractive error. Vision loss or impairment is among the top 10 disabilities for adults age 18 and older.
Visual impairment can have adverse consequences for health and wellbeing. People with visual impairment are likely to have limited access to information and healthcare facilities, and to receive sub-optimal treatment because staff are unaware of specific needs related to vision. Satisfaction with care is associated with improved quality of care and health outcomes. Sensory impairment can be a barrier to effective communication and access to care, and this may result in reduced satisfaction and health outcomes for this patient population.
- Discuss vision screening in the primary care setting.
- Describe barriers faced by individuals losing vision and how these barriers can be overcome.
- Describe challenges that these patients face in medical settings and how to approach patients who are blind or losing vision.
- Identify tools and access technology that blind people use to work and live independently.
Noreen O'Shea, DO, FAAFP
Assistant Professor, College of Osteopathic Medicine, Des Moines University
Emily Wharton, MFA, CPM
Director of the Iowa Department for the Blind
Ms. Wharton has more than 20 years of experience working with vision impaired individuals to improve their quality of life, including teaching cane travel, Braille, job seeking skills, and assistive technology. In 2005, Ms. Wharton completed a Master of Fine Arts degree at Hamline University in St. Paul, MN. She also created a new curriculum for teaching Braille to adults -- the Code Master Adult Braille Learning System -- which won two national awards in 2013, the Dr. Jacob Bolotin Award from the National Federation of the Blind and the Touch of Genius Prize for Innovation from the National Braille Press.
Ms. Wharton has personally struggled with the challenge of living successfully as a blind person and has met that challenge, showing others by her life that blindness need not stop a person from living a full and productive life. She successfully used the Iowa Department of the Blind’s services to achieve her goals and, though she at first viewed the services as provided out of pity, came to understand they are provided to empower. She has made the commitment to provide her positive outlook and can-do attitude to fellow Iowans encountering vision loss.
- MD: This activity has been planned and implemented in accordance with the accreditation requirements and policies of the Iowa Medical Society (IMS). Des Moines University (DMU) is accredited by the IMS to provide continuing medical education for physicians. DMU designates this live activity for 1.0 AMA PRA Category1 Credit(s)™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.
- DO: Des Moines University (DMU) is accredited by the American Osteopathic Association (AOA) to provide osteopathic continuing medical education for physicians. DMU designates this program for a maximum of 1.0 AOA Category 1-A credits and will report CME and specialty credits commensurate with the extent of the physician’s participation in this activity.
- Nurse: Des Moines University is Iowa Board of Nursing approved provider #112. This live activity has been reviewed and approved for 1.0 continuing education contact hour(s). No partial credit awarded.
- DPM: Des Moines University (DMU) is approved by the Council on Podiatric Medical Education as a provider of continuing education in podiatric medicine. DMU has approved this activity for a maximum of 1.0 continuing education contact hours.
- Other healthcare providers: This live activity is designated for 1.0 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™.
No commercial interest company provided financial support for this continuing education activity.
The speaker(s) will disclose if any pharmaceuticals or medical procedures and devices discussed are investigational or unapproved for use by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Determination of educational content and the selection of speakers is the responsibility of the activity director.
Relevant to the content of this educational activity, the following individual(s) have no conflict(s) with commercial interest companies to disclose:
- Noreen O'Shea, DO, FAAFP - speaker
- Emily Wharton, MFA, CPM - speaker
The information provided at this activity is for continuing education purposes only and is not meant to substitute for the independent medical judgment of a healthcare provider relative to diagnostic and treatment options of a specific patient’s medical condition. The content of each presentation does not necessarily reflect the views of Des Moines University.
- 1.00 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits™
- 1.00 AOA Category 1A
- 1.00 CE Contact Hour(s)
- 1.00 CPME
- 1.00 IBON