The Intersection of Intimate Partner Violence and HIV/HCV
If you are interested in participating, please email firstname.lastname@example.org.
Providers and clinical staff interested in providing treatment and care to individuals diagnosed with Hepatitis C.
This interactive web-based program provides community-focused primary care clinicians an opportunity to become experts in the delivery of Hepatitis C care through a mentoring-based initiative. Project ECHO, developed by Dr. Sanjeev Aurora at the University of New Mexico (UNM) in 2003, provides a framework for sharing expertise across the state and, as a result, will help patients achieve a viral cure and avoid the downstream sequela associated with HCV without leaving the providers they trust and the communities where they live and work. Interested providers do not have to have any prior experience in treating Hepatitis C to participate in HCV ECHO.
- Describe how intimate partner violence impacts HIV and HCV infection rates.
- Discuss the intersection between HIV, HCV, and the justice system.
- Identify best practices for managing viral hepatitis among patients experiencing intimate partner violence.
Mariah Wilberg, MPA
Senior Director of U.S. Strategy & Ending the Epidemic
Mariah Wilberg is a nationally recognized writer, motivational speaker, and public health professional. Motivated by her lived experience, she is passionate about bridging the gap between systems and those they serve through accessible education, research, governance, and policy and decision-making. Mariah was diagnosed with HIV at 19, following several years of homelessness, survival sex, and trauma. Suffering from shame and self-stigma, Mariah struggled with chaotic substance use. At 25, she was incarcerated for a drug-related offense and learned her HIV had progressed to AIDS. She started treatment and decided to start sharing her status. After being released in 2013, Mariah spent several years providing HIV education and prevention statewide for several nonprofit organizations. She then worked for the State of Minnesota for five years, first as an HIV communications specialist and later leading the implementation of Minnesota’s ending epidemic plan. She is currently a senior director of U.S. Strategy and ending the Epidemic for the Prevention Access Campaign. Mariah's award-winning writing has been featured in TheBody.com and Apolitical.com. She is a freelance medical journalist for aidsmap.com. Mariah has a Bachelor of Arts in Individualized Studies focusing on social welfare (2017) and a Master of Public Administration (2019) from Metropolitan State University.
Professional Practice Gap - National
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a blood-borne infectious disease that causes substantial liver-related morbidity and an increased risk of liver cancer and death. HCV is often known as a “silent disease,” with few noticeable symptoms, especially in early-stage infection. Because of this, many individuals are unaware of their HCV until more serious, late-stage complications arise. Treatment is available for HCV, with success measured by the sustained viral response (SVR) rate at 12 to 24 weeks post-treatment (i.e., no detectable virus). Before 2014, an average of 48 to 70% of people achieved SVR with the available therapies; however, recent advances in therapeutic medications increased SVR rates to more than 95% in 2018. Achieving SVR can reverse the effects of early-stage fibrosis and slow the progression of cirrhosis to decompensation or hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). This reduces liver-related mortality by 20-fold and all-cause mortality by 4-fold. Transmission of HCV can be prevented by avoiding direct exposure to contaminated blood or blood products, including objects that may have come in contact with contaminated blood, such as syringes and other drug paraphernalia.
Over the last 14 years, the HCV epidemic has drastically changed in the U.S. Originally a disease affecting “baby boomers” (people born between 1945 and 1965), HCV has reemerged as a syndemic with opioid use and overdoses, methamphetamine use, and HIV. In 2010, approximately 3.5 million Americans were living with chronic HCV. According to CDC data, HCV kills more Americans than any other infectious disease. In addition, HCV is the leading cause of cirrhosis and liver cancer and the most common reason for liver transplantation in the U.S. In 2013, deaths from HCV-related causes surpassed the total combined numbers of deaths from 60 other infectious diseases reported to the CDC, including HIV and tuberculosis. In 2014, HCV-related deaths reached an all-time high, with more than 19,600 deaths reported. At the same time, there has been a marked simultaneous increase in the number of people newly diagnosed with HCV across the U.S., particularly among people with a history of injection drug use. The U.S. experienced marked increases in hospital admissions for acute HCV and opioid injection between 2004 and 2014, with the number of people newly diagnosed with HCV more than doubling between 2010 and 2014.
National-level programs to control the burden of HCV have focused primarily on the older cohort of people with HCV. These programs include screening for HCV in the baby-boomer cohort (born 1945 to 1965) and programs offered through the Veteran’s Administration (V.A.) to diagnose and cure all veterans with HCV. Despite these efforts, barriers to treatment still exist at the state Medicaid level, as evidenced in many states by restrictions on treatment, including fibrosis scarring requirements that preclude treatment for people with early-stage liver disease. Universal procedures exist to prevent HCV transmission in medical settings across the U.S. (though localized outbreaks may still occur when procedures fail). However, the recent opioid crisis and increased methamphetamine usage in some parts of the country present new challenges for HCV prevention efforts. Presently, policies to prevent transmission among drug users are entirely state-specific, and in many states, these policies do not exist.
Professional Practice Gap - Iowa
At the beginning of 2017, there were 26,900 Iowans with chronic HCV (HCV RNA+ viremic infections) in Iowa. Approximately 59% of people with chronic HCV were previously diagnosed (n= 15,900), with around 1,500 people being diagnosed annually, and 8% of people with diagnosed HCV (n=2,200) being initiated on treatment annually. An estimated 870 people were acquiring HCV annually, with an incidence rate of 57.8 per 100,000 in 2017. In addition,
- 52% of people with chronic HCV were in the 1945 to 1965 birth cohort*
- 14% of people with chronic HCV were women of childbearing age*
- 4% of people with chronic HCV were people who inject drugs*
- The number of people with chronic HCV in prisons was unknown
- The number of people with chronic HCV in Medicaid was unknown
*Percentages do not sum to 100% because overlap exists across groups, and not all subpopulations are considered here.
- MD: This activity has been planned and implemented in accordance with the accreditation requirements and policies of the Iowa Medical Society (IMS) through the joint providership of Des Moines University (DMU) and the Iowa Primary Care Association. DMU is accredited by IMS to provide continuing medical education for physicians. DMU designates this live, online activity for a maximum of 1.5 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™. Physicians should only claim credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.
- DO: Des Moines University (DMU) is accredited by the American Osteopathic Association (AOA) to provide osteopathic continuing medical education for physicians. DMU designates this activity for a maximum of 1.5 AOA Category 2-A credits and will report CME and specialty credits commensurate with the extent of the physician’s participation in this activity.
- Nurse: Des Moines University is Iowa Board of Nursing approved provider #112. This live activity has been reviewed and approved for 1.5 continuing education contact hour(s). No partial credit awarded.
- Other Healthcare Professionals: This live activity is designated for a maximum of 1.5 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™.
No ineligible company provided financial support for this continuing education activity.
The planning committee member(s) and speaker(s) will disclose if any pharmaceuticals or medical procedures and devices discussed are investigational or unapproved for use by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). The determination of educational content and the selection of speakers is the responsibility of the activity director.
Relevant to the content of this educational activity, the following individual(s) have no conflict(s) with ineligible companies to disclose.
- Julie Baker, MPA, CHCEF - Activity Director, Activity Coordinator, Moderator, Planning Committee Member
- Kristi Barslou - Activity Coordinator
- Steven Donnelly, PharmD - Planning Committee Member
- Elizabeth Rosa - Activity Coordinator
- Megan Srinivas, MD, MPH - Planning Committee Member
- Megan Westerly, MSN, RN - Activity Coordinator, Moderator, and Planning Committee Member
- Mariah Wilberg, MPA - Speaker
Relevant to the content of this educational activity, the following individual(s) have a conflict(s) with ineligible companies to disclose. All relevant financial relationships have been mitigated.
- Douglas LaBrecque, MD - Planning Committee Member, A consultant for HepQuant
The information provided in this activity is for continuing education. It is not meant to substitute for the independent medical judgment of a healthcare provider relative to diagnostic and treatment options of a specific patient’s medical condition. The content of each presentation does not necessarily reflect the views of Des Moines University.
- 1.50 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits™
- 1.50 AOA Category 2A
- 1.50 CE Contact Hour(s)
- 1.50 IBON